Tag Archives: hydrocarbon pipeline flow

How to Control Emulsions, Suspensions, & Crystallization in Dark Crude Oil

Emulsions, Suspensions, and Crystallization in Dark Crude OilNormally, hydrocarbon pipeline flow is a complex multi-phase system comprised of bubbles, droplets, and particles including asphaltenes, waxes, gas hydrates, emulsions, and inorganic particles. To control separations, flow, and process efficiency analytical measurements are often applied by petroleum engineers and chemists. Yet extreme temperature and pressure conditions make offline sampling and analysis difficult and time consuming. Offline measurements can also alter or destroy multiphase components and cannot be applied to make real-time process optimization and control decisions. Continue reading